antarctic

Antarctic Expedition

Antarctica is subject to intense and unpredictable climate circumstances. It is cold, dry and windy, with 99% of the continent covered by a permanent ice sheet. The Madrid Protocol states that “Any activity relating to mineral sources, other than scientific investigation, shall be prohibited” in Antarctica. This prohibits the mining of minerals, gas, oil and ice from freshwater south of the 60th parallel in the sea or on land. Adopted on four October 1991, the Protocol entered into force on 14 January 1998. This prohibition has constantly been respected by its States Parties and frequently speaking, no activity of this...